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Incidence of New Onset Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiovascular Surgery in Vietnam: Results From A Novel Screening Strategy

Objectives: To examine the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) newly developed after cardiovascular surgery in Vietnam, its associated risk factors, and postoperative complications. We also sought to evaluate the feasibility of a novel screening strategy for post-operative AF (POAF) using the combination of two portable devices. Methods: Single-centre, prospective cohort study at the Cardiovascular Centre, E Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. All patients aged≥18 years, undergoing cardiovascular surgery and in sinus rhythm preoperatively were eligible. The primary outcome was occurrence of new-onset POAF detected by hand-held single-lead electrocardiography (ECG) or a sphygmomanometer with AF-detection algorithm. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify risk factors of developing post-operative AF. Feasibility was evaluated by compliance to the protocol and semi-structured interviews. Results:112 patients were enrolled between 2018-2019: mean age 52.9±12.2 years; 50.9% female;92.0% (n=103) valve surgery; 9.8% (n=11)coronary surgery. New-onset POAF developed in 49patients (43.8%) with median time to onset 1.27days (IQR 0.96 -2.00 days). Age≥65 years was the only significant risk factor for the development of POAF(OR 3.78, 95% CI 1.16-12.34).The median thromboembolism risk scores (CHA2DS2-VASc score) were comparable among patients with and without POAF (1.0 vs. 1.0, p=0.104). The occurrence of POAF was associated with higher rates of postoperative complications (24.5% vs. 3.2%, p<0.001). Both doctors and nurses found this screening strategy feasible to be implemented long-term with the main difficulties being the instructions on both devices were in English, and an increase in workload. Conclusions: In this single-centre study, new-onset POAF occurred in 43.8% of patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery. This novel POAF screening strategy was feasible in a low resource setting, and its implementation could be improved by providing continuous training and translation to local language.

Credits: Linh Ngo, Thinh Duc, Ba Vu Van, KienTrung Hoang, Dzung Tien, Huu Cong Nguyen, Thuy Tran Nguyen, Ben Freedman, Nicole Lowres

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