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Sarcoidosis Masquerading as Atrial Fibrillation

Sarcoidosis is a rare multisystemic disease of unknown origin, characterized by the formation of noncaseating granulomas of epithelioid cells, and it is observed in subjects aged between 2nd and 5th decades of life [1,2]. This disease is frequently benign with high rates of spontaneous remission and low mortality. It was first described in 1869 by Hutchinson [3] as a case of cutaneous sarcoid, but the name of the disease was suggested in 1899 by Caesar Boeck [4], a Norwegian dermatologist, who described epithelioid cell lesions of skin nodules. Almost all organs of the body are affected, mainly the respiratory (lung – 90%) and lymphatic systems.

Credits: Jefferson Curimbaba, MD; Jo„o Pimenta, MD. PhD; Josť Marcos Moreira, MD; UlSilvia Carla Sousa Rodrigues, MD, PhD; Ester Nei Aparecida Coletta, MD, PhD; Carlos A.C. Pereira, MD, PhD

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