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Incidence of Early Atrial Fibrillation After Transcatheter versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Background: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is common after aortic valve replacement (AVR) and is associated with worse outcomes. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) and Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) for incidence of POAF at 30 days. Methods: We searched databases from 1/1/1990 to 1/1/2020 for randomized studies comparing TAVR and SAVR. POAF was defined as either worsening or new-onset atrial fibrillation. Random effects model was used to estimate the risk of POAF with TAVR vs SAVR in all trials, and in subgroups (low, intermediate, high risk, and in self-expandable vs balloon expandable valves). Sensitivity analysis was performed including only studies reporting new-onset atrial fibrillation Results: Seven RCTs were identified that enrolled 7,934 patients (3,999 to TAVR and 3,935 to SAVR). The overall incidence of POAF was 9.7% after TAVR and 33.3% after SAVR. TAVR was associated with a lower risk of POAF compared with SAVR (OR 0.21 [0.18-0.24]; P < 0.0001). Compared with SAVR, TAVR was associated with a significantly lower risk of POAF in the high-risk cohort (OR 0.37 [0.27-0.49]; P < 0.0001), in the intermediate-risk cohort (OR 0.23 [0.19-0.28]; P < 0.0001), low-risk cohort (OR 0.13 [0.10-0.16]; P < 0.0001). Sensitivity analysis of 4 trials including only new-onset POAF showed similar summary estimates (OR 0.21, 95% CI [0.18-0.25]; P< 0.0001). Conclusions: TAVR is associated with a significantly lower risk of post-operative atrial fibrillation compared with SAVR in all strata. Further studies are needed to identify the contribution of post-operative atrial fibrillation to the differences in clinical outcomes after TAVR and SAVR.

Credits: Haider Altaii; RamezMorcos; Fady Riad; HalahAbdulameer; Houman Khalili; Brijeshwar Maini; Eric Lieberman; YoelVivas; Phi Wiegn; Jose A.Joglar; Judith Mackall; Sadeer G Al-Kindi; Sergio Thal,

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Introduction to AFib
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